Genetic study reveals surprising ancestry of many Americans

first_imgIn the United States, almost no one can trace their ancestry back to just one place. And for many, the past may hold some surprises, according to a new study. Researchers have found that a significant percentage of African-Americans, European Americans, and Latinos carry ancestry from outside their self-identified ethnicity. The average African-American genome, for example, is nearly a quarter European, and almost 4% of European Americans carry African ancestry.Until recently, “human population geneticists have tended to ignore the U.S.,” says Joanna Mountain, a geneticist and senior director of research at 23andMe, a company in Mountain View, California, that offers genetic testing. With its long history of migrations from around the world, she says, the country was “considered to be kind of messy in terms of genetics.” But Mountain and her colleagues thought they might have a fighting chance of deciphering Americans’ complex genetic ancestry. Their secret weapon? 23andMe’s huge database of genetic information.When a person signs up for a 23andMe genetic analysis, they can choose whether to make their data (with any identifying information removed) available for research. At the time when Mountain’s team compiled the database for their study, 23andMe had 500,000 customers, and about 80% of them had given their permission for their information to be used in that way. (Today, the company has about 800,000 customers.) That makes the data set used for the study “an order of magnitude bigger” than those usually used to examine population mixing, says Katarzyna Bryc, a population geneticist at 23andMe and lead author of the new paper.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)The team started by looking at the average genetic ancestry of the three largest groups in the United States: European Americans, African-Americans, and Latinos. Those categories are based on how 23andMe customers defined themselves. But as you might expect in a country where different groups of people have been meeting and mixing for hundreds of years, the genetic lines between the groups are quite blurred.“You see all of those different ancestries in each of these groups,” Bryc explains. The average African-American genome, for example, is 73.2% African, 24% European, and 0.8% Native American, the team reports online today in The American Journal of Human Genetics. Latinos, meanwhile, carry an average of 18% Native American ancestry, 65.1% European ancestry (mostly from the Iberian Peninsula), and 6.2% African ancestry.The new study adds an unprecedented level of detail to patterns that had been noticed in previous, more general studies. For example, the 23andMe data reveals that the proportion of different ancestries, even within one self-identified ethnic group, vary significantly by state. Latinos with the highest proportion of African ancestry (about 20%) are from Louisiana, followed by states such as Georgia, North Carolina, New York, and Pennsylvania. In Tennessee and Kentucky, Latinos tend to have high proportions of European ancestry. And in the Southwest, where states share a border with Mexico, Latinos tend to have higher proportions of Native American ancestry.At least 3.5% of European Americans carry African ancestry, though the averages vary significantly by state. In South Carolina and Louisiana, about 12% of European Americans have at least 1% African ancestry. In Louisiana, too, about 8% of European Americans carry at least 1% Native American ancestry.In many states, the history of the region is written in the genomes of its current residents. Louisiana, for example, was a trading hub where different populations met and mingled. But sometimes the stories are even more specific. Oklahoma is the state where the most African-Americans have significant Native American ancestry, Bryc notes. That contact can be traced back to the Trail of Tears, when thousands of Native Americans were forcibly relocated to Oklahoma, which was also home to a significant number of black slaves. “You can really see historical events and historical migrations in the genetics,” Bryc says. “We weren’t actually expecting to be able to see that as clearly as we do.”Another way that history shows up in contemporary genomes is in what researchers call a sex bias. By looking at the kinds of DNA that are passed down only by mothers, they can calculate how many of a person’s ancestors from each population were male and female. In all three populations, they found the same signal: European ancestors tended to be male, while African and Native American ancestors tended to be female. That imbalance reflects the fact that for much of U.S. history, European men were the most aggressive colonizers, Mountain says. This mixing seems to have started almost immediately after the first European colonizers and African slaves arrived in North America. “It suggests that really early U.S. history may have been a time of a lot of mixture,” Bryc says.The fact that so many people in the United States carry a mix of different ancestries could have important medical implications. Today, doctors often assume that certain genetic variants are associated only with particular populations—think about sickle cell anemia in African-Americans, for example. But a person’s self-identified ethnicity—or the ethnicity her doctor assumes she is—doesn’t “necessarily correspond to [her] underlying genetics,” Bryc says. In a mixed population like the United States, it’s perfectly possible that a European American could carry the sickle cell variant that’s more common in African-Americans. In order for personalized medicine to live up to its potential, she says, doctors need to “consider the person” and her or his ancestry in all its complexity, rather than just falling back on reductive census categories.The new study is “a beautiful piece of work,” says Andrés Moreno-Estrada, a population geneticist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, who has studied genetic diversity in Mexico and wasn’t involved with the new research. “The U.S. has a very particular genetic imprint compared to the rest of the Americas.” The 23andMe study “is one of steps forward in asserting that it’s possible to disentangle that complex scenario.”last_img read more

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Manchester United vs Liverpool: Adam Lallana Scores Late to Salvage 1-1 Draw for Liverpool

first_img Get the best of News18 delivered to your inbox – subscribe to News18 Daybreak. Follow News18.com on Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, Telegram, TikTok and on YouTube, and stay in the know with what’s happening in the world around you – in real time. adam lallanafootballliverpoolManchester United First Published: October 20, 2019, 11:17 PM IST Manchester: Liverpool failed to record a record-equalling 18th straight Premier League win, but Adam Lallana’s late equaliser saved the European champions from a shock defeat at Manchester United in a 1-1 draw on Sunday.Marcus Rashford’s controversial goal handed Ole Gunnar Solskjaer’s struggling Red Devils a 1-0 half-time lead, but they could not hold out for a much-needed victory as they left substitute Lallana unmarked at the back post to level with five minutes to play. Liverpool move six points clear of Manchester City at the top of the table, but will still feel this was a missed opportunity to inflict more pain on a United side sitting 13th in the Premier League, just two points off the relegation zone.Still unbeaten in the @premierleague, Reds 👊🔴 pic.twitter.com/IN4pvXfvpN— Liverpool FC (@LFC) October 20, 2019 The two most successful sides in English football could not have come into the game in more contrasting form.However, United answered Solskjaer’s calls to rise to the occasion.Liverpool were without Mohamed Salah through injury and the Egyptian’s pace and trickery was badly missed.The visitors were able to welcome back goalkeeper Alisson Becker for the first time in two months after a calf injury, but the Brazilian was rarely tested as United were happy to sit back and counter-attack.Solskjaer changed his formation to a 3-5-2 in an attempt to limit Liverpool’s flying full-backs Trent Alexander-Arnold and Andy Robertson and it was largely effective as the hosts restricted the league leaders to precious few chances.Liverpool’s best opening before the break came when Sadio Mane finally found some space to counter-attack, but from his cut-back Roberto Firmino fired too close to David de Gea.United had not scored in their two previous matches prior to the international break, but finally produced a moment of quality going forward to take the lead, even if fortune was also on their side for the goal to stand.Victor Lindelof looked to have upended Divock Origi on halfway, but no foul was given by Martin Atkinson and as United broke forward, Daniel James’s cross perfectly picked out Rashford to prod past Alisson.That NOISE from Old Trafford when we took the lead! 😍#MUFC #MUNLIV pic.twitter.com/jtp7oIV8uH— Manchester United (@ManUtd) October 20, 2019 Liverpool manager Jurgen Klopp was furious on the touchline even before a VAR review failed to overturn the decision.The visitors’ frustration only grew moments later when Mane outmuscled Lindelof to turn in what he thought was an equaliser, only for VAR to this time rule the goal out for a handball by the Senegalese.Klopp sprinted down the touchline at the half-time whistle, but was unable to change the pattern of the game after the interval as Liverpool continued to dominate possession without creating many chances.Indeed United could have doubled their advantage when Rashford and Fred fired shots just wide of Alisson’s goal on the counter-attack.Lallana had played just 10 minutes in the Premier League this season prior to coming off the bench 20 minutes from time.But he was in the right place at the right time to make a telling contribution in the title race as he tapped home at the back post from Andy Robertson’s cross. United were than camped inside their own box for five minutes of stoppage time.Alex Oxlaide-Chamberlain was inches away from a winner as his driven shot flew just wide and United had another VAR review go their way deep into added time when Fred was adjudged to have played the ball with his shoulder rather than an arm inside the area. last_img read more

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Haryana forms committee for sports quota appointments

first_imgChandigarh, Oct 18 (PTI) Haryana Government today constituted a four-member sub-committee for sports quota appointments in the state. A decision to this effect was taken at a meeting of the state cabinet, presided over by Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar here today, an official spokesman said. The cabinet decided “to constitute a sub-committee to look into all aspects of giving employment to outstanding sportspersons under sports quota in the State”. The spokesman said the decision to constitute the sub-committee was taken to prevent any discrimination with the outstanding sportspersons and check delays. State Sports and Youth Affairs Minister Anil Vij will be the chairman of the sub-committee while the other members included Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister Om Prakash Dhankar, Additional Chief Secretary, Sports and Youth Affairs KK Khandelwal and Additional Chief Secretary, Home, Ram Niwas. PTI AKA CMlast_img read more

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India have enough runs, not an easy pitch to bat on: Pujara warns Australia

first_imgCheteshwar Pujara struck his second Test century in the ongoing India-Australia series as well as his second in Australia while India piled on runs in the third Test at the Melbourne Cricket Ground on Wednesday.Pujara resumed his knock on 68 on the second day of the Boxing Dat Test, and reached his 17th Test hundred taking 280 deliveries to get to the three figures mark. It was the slowest of all his 17 Test hundreds but of remarkable value.He eventually got out for 106 off an unplayable delivery from Pat Cummins soon after Virat Kohli got dismissed for 82. Pujara is the leading run-scorer in this series having already faced over 840 deliveries so far. In fact, Pujara is the only batsman in the world to have faced over 4000 deliveries in Test cricket since January 1, 2017.India declared their first innings at the fag of the second day on 443/7, as Australia survived the remaining 6 overs without losing a wicket.Pujara at the post-day press conference on Thursday said that it was not easy to score runs on the Melbourne pitch and that India have enough runs on the board.”It is a tough pitch to score runs on. I feel if you look at it.. the first two days the number of runs I scored, which are very less. I would say scoring 200 in a day is a tough task, so I think we have enough runs on the board,” Pujara said after scoring the slowest Test hundred of his career.”The pitch has already started deteriorating and there is variable bounce already. When I was batting yesterday and when I was batting today, I felt there was a difference and I think it is not easier to bat now. From tomorrow onwards it will not get easier to bat and our bowlers have been bowling well so I would say we have enough runs on the board,” Pujara added.advertisementDuring the course of his knock, Pujara also went past 2000 Test runs away from home in his 31st match at an average of over 39. He also went past 5200 runs in the longest format in his 113th innings at an average of over 50.”We have to bat according to the situation and the wicket. On this pitch, if we see, the batsmen are having to play a lot of balls to score runs. It was difficult but if it had been some other wicket I would have made at least 150-60 runs. It is important to play accordingly after reading the pitch and situation,” Pujara said.Pujara said that even though he has had a very good series so far with bat, he said the team’s and his focus right now lies with picking up Australian wickets.”It has been good tour so far personally but firstly this Test is very important for us. The series is 1-1 and we all know how important the result is going to be. We are focusing on our game plan… the batting has been good but we also need to pick up 20 wickets,” Pujara said.There were times as well that Pujara was treated to some short deliveries, which hit him on his fingers. He was even treated by Indian physio Partick Farhart and had his finger bandaged. Pujara said he was trying to protect himself.When asked about his captain Virat Kohli’s back issue and the seriousness of it all, Pujara said he didn’t know as he was not the team physio.”I don’t think it is serious. We were just having a chat. Of course about the injury, I don’t think I can say much as I am not a physio. I don’t think it is serious and we just wanted that partnership to carry on. It is always important to have a big partnership.”Also Read | Virat Kohli breaks Rahul Dravid’s 16-year old record to top elite listAlso Read | Paine challenges Rohit to hit a six, vows allegiance to Mumbai Indianslast_img read more

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Salaam Cricket 2019: When Shoaib Akhtar asked Harbhajan for World Cup 2011 final tickets

first_imgIndia off-spinner Harbhajan Singh revealed Pakistan pacer Shoaib Akhtar had asked him for tickets to the World Cup 2011 semi-final between the two arch-rivals played in Mohali.Amid much hype, India took on Pakistan in the semi-final at a packed Punjab Cricket Association Stadium. Sachin Tendulkar top-scored for India in a nervy inning as India posted 260 on the board. Harbhajan Singh led India’s bowling attack from the front as he finished with figures of 2 for 43 as India clinched a 29-run win to clinch a final berth.Harbhajan recalled the incident after the semi-final, saying Akhtar had once again come to ask for tickets for the final between India and Sri Lanka as well. Harbhajan said he had confidently told Akhtar India would go on to win the final before giving him the tickets.”In 2011, I met Shoaib before the match and Shoaib Akhtar’s family had come and he asked me tickets for the semi-final. So I gave him 4 tickets. He didn’t play the semi-final,” Harbhajan Singh said.”Then he asked me for the final tickets too. I said ‘what will you do with this?’ ‘India will win and if you want to come and watch I will give you 2-4 tickets’.”India went on to win the final of the World Cup 2011 in Mumbai, chasing 275 against Sri Lanka after MS Dhoni and Gautam Gambhir hit match-winning nineties.Meanwhile, Harbhajan Singh, speaking at Salaam Cricket 2019, also expressed confidence that India will be able to beat Pakistan in their much-anticipated World Cup 2019 clash on June 15.advertisement”India vs Pakistan is not as big as India vs England. Maybe from the media perspective, India vs Pakistan is more hyped up. But from a cricketing aspect, India vs England is more important. India can beat this Pakistan team 9 and a half times out of 10 times,” Harbhajan Singh said.ALSO READ | India will be under pressure, Pakistan have nothing to lose in World Cup: Harbhajan SinghALSO READ | Salaam Cricket 2019: Kapil Dev greatest Indian cricketer ever, says Sunil GavaskarALSO WATCH | Salaam Cricket 2019: Opening Addresslast_img read more

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World Cup 2019: Hardly any opportunity to have reserve days, says India fielding coach R Sridhar

first_imgNew Zealand coach Gary Stead Thursday termed World Cup game wash-out against India as “unfortunate and frustrating” but agreed with ICC’s assertion that reserve days will be a “logistical nightmare”.New Zealand coach’s opinion was virtually seconded by India’s fielding coach R Sridhar, who compared the Trent Bridge outfield to a slippery “skating rink” where it remains a risk of players getting injured.”Yeah, it would have been lovely to play India. It’s always tough mentally, I think on a day like this, when you come down prepared to play, and it doesn’t happen. But it’s out of our control. We can’t really do much about it, so we’ve got to move on quickly for South Africa,” Stead said after the match was called off without a ball being bowled.However, Stead agreed with ICC CEO Dave Richardson’s opinion that reserve days are not an option despite inclement weather and unlikely downpour in the month of June.”Reserve days, I think, is going to be a logistical nightmare. The ICC, I think, have made that fairly well-known. Unfortunately, it’s a bit of an anomaly already. When you look at the amount of days we’ve lost already, I think it’s the biggest sort of amount of days lost in a World Cup ever,” he said.”So, we can’t do much about that. We just have to, I guess, push on with what the schedule is,” said Stead.Sridhar also agreed that it’s frustrating but nothing can be done at the moment.advertisement”Oh, there’s a big technical committee from the ICC on that. It depends on the format, the time available. We don’t have any days off in this tournament. Every day there is a game. So there is hardly an opportunity to have a reserve day. I don’t know the technical aspect of it. The ICC will decide that. It’s not for me to take that call,” the India fielding coach said.As much as India would have loved a tough game before the clash against Pakistan on Sunday, Sridhar does not want to harp too much on the “uncontrollable”.”It’s uncontrollable, isn’t it? You really can’t control the weather, so we have had two good games. We came here looking forward to third good one, but unfortunately, we can’t control the weather,” he said.”I went on the ground. It was almost like a skating rink. So it would put too much risk on the players to play on there, especially at the early phase of the tournament.”For Stead, with a gap of six days, he would love his players to relax for a couple of days, have some downtime with families.”To be honest, the first thing we’re going to do is have a couple of days off. We don’t play again for about six days now, and I think it’s important that you manage your breaks. It’s quite ironic though. I think our last four trainings have all been indoors. Look, it would have been lovely to play for two points, if possible,” he said, trying to hide his frustration.He was asked whether the World Cup at this time of the year should have been scheduled somewhere else and not the UK.The New Zealand coach gave a humorous reply which was a depiction of helplessness more than anything else.”I don’t think so. If you took the UK summer from last year, then I am not sure it did rain at all from the sound of things. It’s a bit of bad luck really. It can rain anywhere in the world. My first tour was in Dubai, and it rained there in the desert, and I never thought it was going to rain there either. So I don’t think we can really help that.Also Read | World Cup 2019: Honour to be part of ‘marquee’ India-Pakistan match, says Virat KohliAlso Read | World Cup 2019: India, New Zealand share points as rain ruins Trent Bridge gameAlso See:last_img read more

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Why I was wrong over Mohamed Salah, Liverpool’s Egyptian king

first_imgSign up to The Recap: get our weekly email of editors’ picks. Share via Email Share on Facebook features Share on LinkedIn Even here Salah just stood out, the only player on the pitch able to turn and surge away through the defensive lines. He made eight dribbles in 73 minutes, more than United’s entire midfield and attack put together. More than this, he seemed a relentlessly optimistic player, football as reinterpreted by a gerbil superhero. Legs whirring, head up, chest out.Fast forward to Watford at the weekend and Salah has begun to make parts of the game look like a mismatch, the way only the very best can. The hat-trick goal at Anfield will remain one of the images of the season, those three Watford defenders squished together in front of Salah, tottering on their heels as this miracle of balance and speed springs to his left then springs back, leaving the yellow shirts collapsing helplessly like a row of derelict tenement houses. Even the finish is a lovely detail, the ball swished past Orestis Karnezis with an impudent playground shuffle.At which point two questions occur. How has this happened? And how long can it go on?The first of these is a legitimate question. In just seven months Salah has scored 36 goals for Liverpool, more than for any other club he has ever played for. It is the nature of it too, those moments of out-there physical creativity, the basic joy in his football that bears passing comparison, even after a single season, to the conjoined Henry-Ronaldo-Suárez-Bergkamp-Agüero attacking godhead of the Premier League years. Mohamed Salah hits awesome four as Liverpool romp past Watford Liverpool Read more Share on Twitter Mohamed Salah In mitigation those tossed-off thoughts were written just before the four biggest transfers of all time took place, kicked off by the financial inanity of Neymar’s move to Paris Saint-Germain. Shortly afterwards Barcelona paid three times Salah’s fee for Ousmane Dembélé. By the end of the summer £35m was looking, if not small potatoes, then smaller potatoes. Right now it looks like one of the outstanding bargains of the last 10 years.But then, even those who knew Salah’s game in intimate detail, who spoke excitedly of his deeds in Serie A, will surely be a bit surprised at the sheer extent of his instant, exhilarating success under Klopp, a thing to be studied and marvelled at on its own terms.With seven games to go Salah is the player of the season. He has 28 league goals, four more than Harry Kane and seven more than Sergio Agüero, capped by those four against Watford at the weekend. He also has nine assists, surpassed only by Leroy Sané and David Silva. Only Eden Hazard, Wilfried Zaha and Andros Townsend have made more successful dribbles. Only Kane has had more shots.A nice touch too: despite playing in a bruising, full-throttle team Salah has yet to be shown any kind of card this season. There is a truism that good footballers need to have something nasty about them. Salah is merciless in many ways. But he kills you with a smile.The numbers are, of course, just a part of it. It was not a goal or a man-of-the-match performance that revealed the full dawning Salah-ness of Salah to this observer. It was instead the 0-0 draw with Manchester United at Anfield in October, a game dominated by José Mourinho’s defensive organisation. Reuse this content Share on WhatsApp With this in mind it has been easy to look at Salah’s time under Mourinho at Chelsea and see a genuine howler, a huge beaming, bouncy Egyptian stick with which to beat the master of toxic defence.In Mourinho’s defence he did at least see enough to sign Salah in the first place. He was 21. Eden Hazard, Willian and Oscar were ahead of him. He never got a proper run, playing 19 games, starting 10 of them. For those who saw Salah in the flesh at Stamford Bridge the memory lingers of trapped energy, of an eager figure haring off down the right wing while his manager lurked and barked and burped on the touchline, never quite at ease with this scuttling force of attacking will.It seems what Salah needed was to be driven on, to be given the stage. At Roma Luciano Spalletti famously held up Salah’s contribution in one game as an example of perfect team play. Salah has said Spalletti would often sit with him after training teaching him how to defend, discussing the moral responsibilities of running and working for the team.If Salah needed the paternal arm from Spalletti, he has clearly found another perfect fit in the speed-metal football of Klopp’s exhilarating front three. It will be fascinating from here to see how he goes about sustaining that pitch of performance.And this is the next challenge, as even the better teams begin to make detailed plans for a player who must now demand this level of attention. Can Salah continue to produce his extraordinary, uplifting fantasy football? Only a fool – as they have in the past – would bet against him. Topics Share on Messenger To err is human, to forgive divine. As a coda to this: to err massively and hilariously is also human, as anyone who writes about sport can confirm. It is a common experience to find yourself wincing a little at the way things turn out in the real world, even when the way things turn out is also a source of pure sporting pleasure.All of which is a prelude to a mea culpa. Yes: I was a Salah doubter. Or at least a nonplussed observer. My Guardian pre-season Premier League preview from last August contained the following dismissive summary of Jürgen Klopp’s transfer business: “Liverpool have bought a good left-back and spent an awful lot of money on Mohamed Salah.” Let’s just read that back. An awful. Lot of. Money. Mo Salah for £35m. Lol. Laughing weeping face emoji. Do I get paid for this stuff?But then this is the joy and, indeed, the whole point of watching and playing sport. Whatever you say about it, that’s what it’s not. It thumbs its nose, rips up your preconceptions. Listen Share on Pinterest Another magical Salah display and Warnock’s pub quiz – Football Weeklylast_img read more

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Four-Star Linebacker Demouy Kennedy Announces Decommitment

first_imgA General view of Auburn's stadium.AUBURN, AL – SEPTEMBER 20: A general view from high in the stadium as the LSU Tigers take on the Auburn Tigers at Jordan-Hare Stadium on September 20, 2008 in Auburn, Alabama. (Photo by Doug Benc/Getty Images)One of the top linebackers in the 2020 recruiting class is back on the open market, as he’s de-committed following a major visit.Demouy Kennedy, the No. 6 outside linebacker in the 2020 class, visited Florida State this weekend, prompting a de-commitment.The four-star linebacker is expected to continue to be recruited by Auburn, though his commitment to the Tigers no longer stands.From 247Sports:Four-star linebacker Demouy Kennedy of Theodore (Ala.) told reporters following his visit to FSU he no longer is a Tigers verbal.Kennedy is the No. 6 outside backer and No. 109 overall recruit nationally in the industry generated 247Sports Composiite. Per sources. Kennedy has “been on the fence” for awhile so this probably was not shocking news at Auburn headquarters. The Tigers are expected to keep recruiting him.Auburn now has six commitments and the No. 14 class ranking.Kennedy is also being recruited by Florida State, Georgia and LSU, among other programs.The four-star linebacker is ranked the No. 109 overall recruit in the 2020 class, per 247Sports’ Composite Rankings.last_img read more

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World Leaders Commit to Tackling NCDs

first_imgStory Highlights Minister of Health, Dr. the Hon. Christopher Tufton, says world leaders who participated in the third United Nations (UN) High-level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) have committed to taking steps to tackle the issue. “The NCD crisis is real and a danger to all of us. The statistics suggest that close to four billion of the seven-billion population of the world are afflicted by one NCD or another,” he noted.center_img Minister of Health, Dr. the Hon. Christopher Tufton, says world leaders who participated in the third United Nations (UN) High-level Meeting on Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) have committed to taking steps to tackle the issue.“The NCD crisis is real and a danger to all of us. The statistics suggest that close to four billion of the seven-billion population of the world are afflicted by one NCD or another,” he noted.“I think coming out of that (meeting), was a general consensus around the need to create a unified approach and message around the crisis of obesity in our countries and work together, not to replace initiatives that… countries were already pursuing, but to understand more of what each of us is doing, strengthen where we can, through collaboration, so that the message of prevention is a first line of defence to deal with this NCD epidemic,” Dr. Tufton said.He was addressing a press conference at his New Kingston offices on Monday (October 8) to provide details about the meeting held in New York on September 27 as part of the United Nations General Assembly.The meeting included a comprehensive review of the global and national progress achieved in putting measures in place that protect people from dying too young from conditions such as heart and lung diseases, cancers and diabetes.Dr. Tufton said there was endorsement of Jamaica Moves and Caribbean Moves.Jamaica Moves is part of the National Strategic and Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs, which covers seven main categories of diseases – cardiovascular conditions, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, sickle cell, mental health disorders and chronic renal failure.The Health Minister informed that the world leaders, at the meeting, emphasised the need to change the culture and behaviour of persons.“That is why we here in Jamaica have placed so much emphasis on the preventative side, because we believe that the curative side is going to be prohibitively expensive. Coming out of that launch of Caribbean Moves, we felt that there was sufficient evidence to support our initiatives and efforts,” he noted.Dr. Tufton said there will be increased focus on trans-fats and sodium based on their contribution to obesity and hypertension.“Those two areas, over time, will get greater attention as part of the preventative measures. It is in keeping with the global thrust to look at diet as part of the holistic approach to dealing with health and wellness,” he said.last_img read more

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Shell to Fuel Worlds 1st LNGPowered Aframax Tankers

first_imgzoom Russia’s SCF Group (Sovcomflot) has signed an agreement with Shell Western LNG B.V. (Shell) for the supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to fuel the first Aframax crude oil tankers in the world to be powered by LNG. Under the deal, Shell will provide the LNG fuel for the new generation of SCF Group’s 114,000 deadweight ice-classed Aframax tankers that are scheduled to come into operation beginning in Q3 2018. They will operate primarily between the Baltic and Northern Europe transporting crude oil and petroleum products.Shell will fuel the vessels from a specialized LNG bunker vessel at the Gas Access to Europe (GATE) terminal in Rotterdam, the Netherlands and other supply points in the Baltic. Each LNG-fuelled tanker will have an ice class 1A hull enabling year-round export operations from the Russian Baltic, SCF said.Image Courtesy: Sovcomflot“This is an important next step for gas as part of the energy mix. The decision to work with SCF Group to power the world’s first LNG-fuelled Aframax crude oil tankers is evidence of Shell’s commitment to LNG as a transport fuel. LNG will increasingly play a larger role in helping the shipping industry meet new emissions regulations,” said Maarten Wetselaar, Integrated Gas and New Energies Director at Shell.The signing of the deal marks the fulfilment of an MOU signed between Shell and SCF in September 2015 to develop Marine LNG fuelling for large-capacity tankers.The concept for these tankers was developed jointly by technical specialists from SCF Group and shipbuilders, including the Far Eastern Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Centre and Hyundai Heavy Industries (HHI), the technology partners of Zvezda shipbuilding complex.The concept was developed as part of the preparation for the construction of such vessels at Zvezda, which is envisaged to start by 2021.last_img read more

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EU says BMW, Daimler, VW colluded to limit emissions tech

BRUSSELS — European Union authorities say that German automakers BMW, Daimler and Volkswagen colluded to limit the development of emissions-cleaning technology in cars.The EU antitrust regulator said Friday that after an in-depth investigation, it found the companies broke EU laws from 2006 to 2014 by illegally agreeing among themselves to limit the roll-out of the technology, which helps clean the exhaust emissions from both gasoline and diesel passenger cars.The alleged actions would have limited Europeans’ options for less polluting cars, but not their price. The probe is separate from other legal procedures against carmakers for allegedly breaching environmental laws.Emissions have become a big topic for carmakers as authorities try to meet climate change goals and after Volkswagen admitted in 2015 that it cheated on car emissions tests.The Associated Press read more

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UN refugee chief begins mission to Georgia

19 August 2008The top United Nations refugee official arrived today in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi, to assess humanitarian operations and meet some of the people displaced by last week’s fighting – now estimated to be around 158,700. The four day visit of UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres will also take him to Russia, where some of those uprooted by the conflict in Georgia’s South Ossetia region have fled. The Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) now estimates that 158,700 people have been displaced by the conflict – which began over a week ago when heavy fighting broke out in South Ossetia between Georgian and South Ossetian forces –based on figures provided by the Georgian and Russian governments.The ensuing hostilities, in which Russian forces also became involved, has displaced up to 30,000 people within South Ossetia, UNHCR said. In addition, some 98,000 people are displaced in other areas of Georgia, including most of the population of the town of Gori. Russian officials in North Ossetia indicate some 30,000 people from South Ossetia are still in Russia. “The High Commissioner will again press for the protection of the civilian population, especially those newly displaced, and for safe and unhindered access by humanitarian organizations to the areas of displacement,” UNHCR spokesperson Andrej Mahecic told reporters in Geneva. During a meeting this morning with the Georgian Minister for Reintegration, Temuri Yakubashvili, Mr. Guterres called on the international community to mobilize resources for the humanitarian assistance effort in Georgia.As part of the $58.6 million humanitarian appeal launched yesterday by the UN and its aid partners, UNHCR is seeking $16 million to cover its protection, shelter and assistance programmes for the newly displaced in the Caucasus region.Mr. Mahecic reported that the situation on the ground in Georgia remains “volatile and unpredictable.” The agency has flown aid supplies for more than 50,000 people to Tbilisi but road convoys cannot reach western Georgia, where some 15,000 displaced are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.The first humanitarian flight to Batumi in western Georgia arrived today, carrying aid supplies including 200 tents, 15,000 blankets, 3,000 kitchen sets and 6,000 jerry cans.“UNHCR, which has six offices in Georgia working on behalf of some 220,000 previously displaced people, is rapidly moving ahead with distribution of aid items,” Mr. Mahecic said.Just yesterday, 13 UNHCR teams gathering some 40 staff and 13 trucks distributed humanitarian assistance to some 11,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs). Another 10 teams visited 50 collective centres accommodating some of the newly displaced population to assess the numbers of displaced, their needs and living conditions. On Sunday, a joint UNHCR and World Food Programme (WFP) convoy was able to get into Gori, the first time since the outbreak of the conflict that UN agencies were given access to that city. UNHCR delivered aid for some 1,500 people, which included jerry cans, kitchen sets and blankets. The goods ware unloaded in a warehouse and will be distributed by local authorities. UNHCR staff reported the town to be mostly deserted on Sunday, but they came across some 50 to 60 people gathered in the city centre and waiting for assistance. “There were clear indications of massive looting of shops and apartments,” said Mr. Mahecic.The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said that since yesterday, several villages in Georgia, including the city of Gori, are now accessible for the first time in two weeks. However, according to the UN Resident Coordinator in Tbilisi, there is still no access to South Ossetia.In a related development, the head of the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has spoken out against the killing of at least three journalists in the recent conflict and urged respect for the safety of media professionals.In a statement issued in Paris, UNESCO Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura referred to the killing of Dutch cameraman Stan Storimans, of RTL television; Alexander Klimchuk, a Georgian photojournalist working for Russian news agency Itar-Tass; and Grigol Chikhladze, a Georgian working for Russian Newsweek.“In such times, it is essential that the authorities abide by international law which affirms the civilian status of war reporters,” said Mr. Matsuura. “I call on the authorities to investigate these cases and take appropriate action.” read more

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Senior UN officials urge greater protection for Afghan childrens rights

15 December 2008Senior United Nations officials in Afghanistan have called for greater efforts to improve the situation of children in the strife-torn nation, after a new report by the Organization revealed cases of recruitment by insurgents, sexual violence and continuing attacks on schools. “The main findings of this report refer to cases of recruitment of children by illegal armed groups, for example, to use as suicide bombers,” Bo Asplund, Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Afghanistan, told a news conference in Kabul today.The report – by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict to the Security Council on Afghanistan – comes just days after the Taliban allegedly used a 13-year-old boy to carry out a bombing against British troops operating in Afghanistan’s southern Helmand province, killing three soldiers. “The key thing that it demonstrates is the total disrespect of the fundamental rights of the child by the Taliban. This is unjustifiable under any circumstances and by any standards – you cannot force children to commit these kinds of acts,” said Mr. Asplund. It also discusses the killing and maiming of children, sexual violence, attacks on schools and hospitals where children are affected, and the denial of humanitarian access or difficulty in gaining humanitarian access to children in some cases.He noted that between July 2007 and July 2008, there were 230 attacks on educational institutions that have been documented by the Ministry of Education and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), including the burning of school buildings and threats against students.Mr. Asplund, who is also deputy head of the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA), co-chairs a task force set up to monitor and address the situation of children and armed conflict, along with the Country Representative for UNICEF, Catherine Mbengue.“All parties to the conflict must stop the use and recruitment of children,” Ms. Mbengue stated, noting that the report calls on the Afghan Government to develop effective age verification procedures and to introduce legislation to criminalize the recruitment of children. The report also encourages the Afghan Government to design appropriate legal measures and programmes to increase the protection of children, particularly to prosecute those guilty of violating the basic rights of children.In addition, the report requests that the Government design laws and programmes to prevent and address sexual violence against children, and to ensure that the voices of the victims are heard.Ms. Mbengue stressed the need for everyone in the community to work together to protect children and their rights. “All parties to the conflict must commit themselves to respect children’s rights. They must take immediate steps to turn into actions the recommendations of the Secretary-General’s report on Children and Armed Conflict,” she stated. “The children of Afghanistan deserve no less.” read more

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More American milk US dairy lobby submits its demands for NAFTA renegotiation

WASHINGTON — The U.S. dairy industry has submitted its demands for the upcoming renegotiation of NAFTA, pushing for freer trade in dairy overall and more specifically for a reversal of new Canadian rules on milk-derived products.These requests came in a letter submitted to the U.S. government this week as it collects input from industry while preparing American negotiating positions for NAFTA talks, scheduled to start in August.The industry demands are an indicator not only of what American negotiators could seek at the bargaining table, but also of what U.S. lawmakers with certain industries in their state will expect in exchange for theirs vote on a deal.Dairy could be one of the more contentious issues.The dairy lobby’s 15-page letter had two main requests regarding Canada: a reversal of new rules on ultrafiltered milk products and increased access to the Canadian market that exceeds the 3.25 per cent offered in the early version of the Trans-Pacific Partnership.It describes the upcoming modernization of the North American Free Trade Agreement as a final chance to achieve liberalization in the dairy trade with that issue stalled in other international negotiations.Joe Oliver: If the federal Liberals were trying not to aggravate Trump before NAFTA talks, Chrystia Freeland just blew it“We see NAFTA modernization discussions as the last opportunity to address just that type of unfinished business in order to truly open up the North American market,” said the letter from the National Milk Producers Federation and the U.S. Dairy Export Council.“Canada has taken additional steps over the years to limit imports whenever Canada’s already highly restrictive import restrictions were deemed to be insufficiently limiting.”The letter suggests the highest priority for the U.S. industry isn’t the overall supply management system. It’s the specific question of filtered-milk products. Canada has allowed this milk byproduct, used mainly in cheese-making, to be sold domestically at lower prices.The U.S. lobby says this is having a spillover effect on international markets as Canadian producers benefit from import controls, massive tariffs of more than 200 per cent on foreign competition and now the ability to sell new products at non-supply-managed prices.This is the issue that prompted President Donald Trump to start blasting Canada earlier this year after a visit to Wisconsin.At the time, a small number of Wisconsin dairy farms were in crisis after a major processing plant said it would stop buying their milk. It blamed a loss of Canadian customers after the rule changes, although some analysts have suggested the Canadian decision was a minor factor and that the northern neighbour was being used as a scapegoat.A crisis unit within the state government managed to find markets for most of the farms, but the incident galvanized Trump, who called Canada’s dairy industry rules “very unfair.”As NAFTA talks approach, the Canadian dairy lobby’s argument is that the recent rule changes apply only to domestic markets and are legal under international trade law. It expects the federal government to fight for the status quo.“The Canadian dairy industry is confident that the … (rule) respects our trade obligations. We are also confident that the Canadian government is going to protect its dairy industry,” said Isabelle Bouchard of Dairy Farmers of Canada.“What the government has told us is they will do everything they can to protect the industry. …We certainly hope there will be no negative impact on our industry.”Canadian dairy farmers say the crisis in Wisconsin only bolsters the case for supply management controls, because set prices, import limits, and tariffs protect farmers from swings in commodity prices.They also accuse the U.S. dairy lobby of blaming large problems on one small, Canadian factor.Peter Hardin, the longtime editor of a Wisconsin dairy-trade publication, The Milkweed, agreed, in a piece for the Wisconsin State Farmer this spring titled: “Don’t blame Canada for dairy woes, look around.”He said the problem isn’t Canada, it’s excessive American milk production, with a 21.8 per cent increase over four years in Michigan, 10.9 per cent in New York, and 7.6 per cent in Wisconsin. read more

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What If An Evil Commissioner Turned Hank Aarons Homers Into Singles

Last week I wrote about Hank Aaron, who recently celebrated the 40th anniversary of his record-breaking 715th home run. I concluded that Aaron would still have been a great player — and would very likely have made the Baseball Hall of Fame — even if all of his home runs had been counted as singles instead.Or at least — that’s almost what I wrote. What I actually wrote left a lot of room for interpretation (emphasis added from original):What if Aaron had never hit a home run? What if those 755 round-trippers had fallen for base hits instead? (If we’re trying to isolate the effect of his power, that seems like the fairer way to do it, instead of turning them into popups or something.) Would he still be a Hall of Famer?If all of his homers had been singles, Aaron would still have his 3,771 hits.The ambiguity is over the means by which we’re turning Aaron’s home runs into singles. When writing the original post, I’d imagined that this was accomplished by some sort of accounting trick. After Aaron retired, some Evil Commissioner decreed that all of Aaron’s homers would be counted as singles in baseball’s record book (like how the NCAA sometimes retroactively forfeits a team’s wins after it’s determined to have used an ineligible player); but it wouldn’t have changed what happened on the field.But what if the change had occurred on the field instead? So as not to violate any laws of physics, we can imagine it happened by means of a ground rule. Before Aaron made his major league debut, our Evil Commissioner decreed that any ball hit over the fence in fair territory by Henry Louis Aaron would be counted as a single rather than a home run. This rule applied to Hank Aaron and only to Hank Aaron. Everybody knew about the rule, including Hank Aaron, the pitchers who faced Hank Aaron, and the teams who employed Hank Aaron, and they were free to adjust their strategies accordingly.1A couple of complications: First, is Aaron allowed to hit inside-the-park home runs? Sure, let’s let him; he hit only one during the course of his career anyway.Next, what happens to the baserunners when Aaron hits a ground-rule single? Do they advance only one base? This would make Hank Aaron’s ground-rule singles less valuable than regular singles, since baserunners sometimes advance from first to third or score from second on a base hit. So let’s imagine that our Evil Commissioner decrees that a set of Strat-O-Matic dice shall be thrown by the umpires when Hank Aaron hits a ground-rule single. The baserunners will then be allowed to take an extra base in accordance with league-wide averages for runner advancement.This thought experiment is starting to get a bit complicated. Still, it gets to the point that the economists Scott Sumner and Tyler Cowen have made, which is that changing the ground rules for Aaron would have changed the way he and the pitchers who faced him approached the game. It thereby might have affected the rest of Aaron’s batting line and not just his home runs. There are several such effects to consider.Aaron would have drawn fewer walksThe number of walks drawn by a hitter is partly a function of his plate discipline and partly a matter of how much the pitcher fears him. The reason to risk walking a hitter, as Cowen notes, should be largely a function of his extra-base power. There’s not much reason to pitch around a singles hitter and give him a free pass to first base when most of the time the best he’s going to do is get to first base anyway by means of a base hit.This is clearest in the case of intentional walks.2Or at least it should be obvious in theory; whether it’s quite so obvious to pitchers and managers is another question. I was surprised to discover that singles hitters like Ichiro Suzuki and Wade Boggs each led their league in intentional walks multiple times during the course of their careers. Some of these intentional walks may have been prudent if first base was open and there were runners in scoring position. But I’d guess that many of them were not very smart. Still, the aggregate trend is suggestive of rational behavior. In the 2013 season, the correlation between a hitter’s rate of intentional walks drawn and his isolated power was .44. The correlation between intentional walks and his rate of singles per at-bat was essentially zero (.03).Aaron’s unintentional walks would probably also have declined if he weren’t allowed to hit home runs. According to data compiled by Fangraphs, the percentage of pitches thrown in the strike zone to major league hitters varies between about 40 percent and 55 percent. The hitters on the low end of the range are power hitters (Ryan Howard, Prince Fielder, Vladimir Guerrero, Pablo Sandoval); those at the top end are singles hitters (David Eckstein, Jason Kendall, Chone Figgins, Juan Pierre). A homerless Hank Aaron would have seen considerably more strikes.Aaron would have hit for a higher batting averageSeeing more pitches in the strike zone would have made it easier for Aaron to make contact. From 2009 to 2013, the league batting average for at-bats that concluded on a pitch thrown within the strike zone was .291; for pitches outside the strike zone, it was just .175.3Players were also 3.6 times more likely to hit home runs on at-bats that concluded on pitches thrown in the strike zone, although that doesn’t help Homerless Hank. (This research was provided to me by Mark Simon of ESPN Stats & Info.)A quick calculation from these figures shows that if Aaron finished an additional 10 percent of his at-bats on pitches thrown inside the strike zone, he’d boost his career batting average by 12 points (from .305 to .317). However, that’s a crude estimate. We’d also have to consider how Aaron and the pitchers and defenses who faced him would have changed their whole approach to the at-bat.There’s reason to think that Aaron would have adapted to these conditions more readily than his opponents. He was a smart and versatile hitter; Sports Illustrated’s 1958 scouting report described how Aaron was very difficult to defend because he could hit to all fields and leg out infield hits (emphasis added from original):Man who excites the experts is Henry Aaron, of the loose, free swing. Called “best wrist hitter in baseball,” he’s actually an arm hitter, lashing pitch with masterful coordination of forearms, biceps, wrists and bat. Slumped through June but has had best record in league since then. No set way to fix defenses against him, since he hits to all fields, bunts beautifully, is fast enough to beat out infield hits. He’s also a good, if lackadaisical, outfielder, with a fine arm. The team’s big man.Furthermore, we have some experimental evidence on cases in which Aaron had an incentive to hit for contact. He performed very well in these situations.Singles increase in value relative to home runs when there are runners in scoring position. For his career, Aaron hit .322 with runners in scoring position.4Aaron accomplished this by means of hitting more singles; 20.4 percent of his at-bats with runners in scoring position concluded with singles, compared to 17.6 percent with the bases empty. His rate of extra-base hits was largely unchanged. Note that there is not a strong systematic tendency for players to hit for a higher average with runners in scoring position. In 2013, major leaguers hit .255 as a group with runners in scoring position, compared to .253 for all at-bats.Singles become more valuable still when there are runners in scoring position and the score is tied late in the game. In these cases, either a single or a homer will usually score the go-ahead run and win the game, so the hitter should be hitting for contact and the pitcher should be trying to prevent contact. I looked for at-bats on Baseball-Reference.com’s Play Index when Aaron hit with runners in scoring position in the seventh inning or later of a tied game. It’s a small sample — just 139 at-bats. But Aaron hit .331 in these situations for his career.Another natural experiment comes from cases in which home runs aren’t necessarily less valuable, but are harder to hit. Of the ballparks Aaron played at regularly during his career, the one least conducive to home runs was almost certainly Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, where the left field and right field power alleys were 392 and 395 feet away from home plate, respectively. From 1954 (Aaron’s debut season) until the Pittsburgh Pirates’ last full season in Forbes Field in 1969, the Pirates hit 65 percent more home runs in road games than at Forbes Field. They also hit for a slightly higher batting average in Forbes Field than on the road, although the difference was modest (.267 versus .259).How about Hank Aaron? He adapted wonderfully to Forbes Field, hitting .338 for his career in 639 at-bats there. That’s a little bit better even than Pirates great Roberto Clemente (.329), whose game was tailor-made for Forbes Field.Aaron might have seen less playing timeThe no-homers ground rule might have made teams more reluctant to employ Aaron, especially toward the end of his career. After breaking the home run record as a member of the Atlanta Braves, Aaron played two farewell seasons as a designated hitter for the Milwaukee Brewers in 1975 and 1976. He hit just .234 and .229 during those seasons. The Brewers were terrible back then, but they might not have had much patience for Aaron if he didn’t compensate for his poor batting averages with occasional home runs.It’s also plausible that the start of Aaron’s major league career would have been delayed, but this case is more debatable. Aaron’s potential as a singles hitter would have been evident quite early. He began his professional career as a 17-year-old in the Negro Leagues, where he hit .366 in recorded at-bats as a member of the Indianapolis Clowns. Purchased by the Braves for $10,000, he then hit .336 and .362 in minor league seasons in 1952 and 1953.5Furthermore, the Braves had an opening for Aaron since they had traded the veteran outfielder Sid Gordon at the end of the 1953 season. Press accounts from the time do not seem to mention Aaron’s emergence as a motivating factor for the Braves to trade Gordon, though it may have played into their thinking.Aaron might have stolen more basesIn the comments on my original post, some readers noted that if Aaron had hit more singles, he’d have had more opportunity to steal bases. This is true — although I also have Homerless Hank drawing fewer walks and perhaps getting less playing time than the real Aaron, which would counteract his increased rate of singles.It’s probably the case, though, that Aaron could have stolen more bases if he’d wanted to. He was reasonably fast early in his career, as the Sports Illustrated scouting report mentions. But the stolen base was not in vogue in the 1950s and Aaron rarely attempted to steal. Steals became a much more popular strategy in the 1960s, however, and Aaron proved to be a proficient base-stealer. He stole 240 bases during his career and was successful on 77 percent of his steal attempts, leading the National League in stolen base percentage in 1966 and 1968. His high rate of success suggests that Aaron may have left a few opportunities on the table. Perhaps if he had been cast as a singles hitter, his teams would have expected him to be more active on the bases. He presumably also would have hit first or second in the batting order rather than third or fourth, which means he’d reach base more often with second base open.Aaron might have hit doubles and triples at a higher rateIf Aaron had only been credited with singles on balls that cleared the fence, he would have had reason to swing for the gaps more often in an effort to hit doubles and triples.In general, however, it’s not all that easy for players to try to hit doubles. The league leaders in doubles change quite a lot from year to year and the lists mostly comprise good overall hitters who play in stadiums like Fenway Park that are conductive to doubles. Still, none of those hitters faces incentives where doubles are actually more valuable than balls hit over the fence. As the scouting reports and batting splits makes clear, Aaron could hit to all fields and was smart about adapting his approach to the situation. I imagine that he’d find a way to hit a few more doubles and triples.Summing upThe real Hank Aaron hit for a .305/.374/.555 “slash line” (batting average/on-base percentage/slugging percentage). If all his home runs had been changed to singles after the fact, his line would have been .305/.374/.371 instead. But this doesn’t account for the changes Aaron and the pitchers might have made as they adapted to the ground rule.It’s just a guess, of course — but I imagine that Aaron would have hit somewhere in the .320s as a result of seeing more strikes and changing his approach to make more contact. His slugging average would have gone up accordingly, perhaps also boosted by a few extra doubles and triples. However, he would have drawn fewer walks, which could offset any gains in his on-base percentage. I envision his slash line as being something like .325/.375/.405, which is reasonably similar to Rod Carew’s.I don’t think Homerless Hank would have been in any jeopardy of failing to notch 3,000 hits. He may even have reached 4,000. The real Hank Aaron had 3,771 hits, and I have Homerless Hank hitting for a higher batting average. I also have him drawing fewer walks, which means more opportunities to put the ball in play. In fact, a .325/.375/.405 batting line would translate to roughly 4,150 hits given the number of plate appearances Aaron had. That would put him in striking distance of Ty Cobb, who had 4,189 hits. (Pete Rose surpassed Cobb’s record in 1985 and finished with 4,256 hits.)I also imagine that Homerless Hank wouldn’t have been very productive in the last couple of seasons of his career; his batting average over his final three seasons was .244. Teams don’t normally have much interest in singles hitters who hit .244. Still, they sometimes find spots for players who are pursuing career landmarks; Rose was somewhere between marginally productive and counterproductive after the age of 40, and yet he got (and gave himself as player-manager) another 2,469 plate appearances. If the Braves or the Brewers had been so generous to Aaron, it’s possible the Home Run King would have ended up as baseball’s Hit King instead. read more

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PSG Handball win third place in Cologne

PSG Handball won the third place on their debut at the VELUX EHF FINAL4 in Cologne! The French champions beat THW Kiel 29:27 (15:11) in the match of Saturday’s losers. Once again the TOP EHF CL scorer this season, Mikkel Hansen (140 goals for all time record) showed his shoting capabilities by scoring 10 goals in the last match of the European season.“Zebras” were in the match until the last moments, but just like a day before, two bad attacks were decisive for their defeat. Christian Dissinger netted seven goals for the Germans. ← Previous Story Fuchse Berlin sign line-player Kresimir Kozina Next Story → HISTORY! Kielce are at the TOP of Europe! EHF FINAL4PSG HandballTHW Kiel read more

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Panasonic develops plasma display 4 kids can draw on at once

first_imgTouchscreens that can handle input from multiple fingers are now commonplace and expected on consumer devices. But dealing with lots of different users on a single display still poses a problem, especially when you want that display to differentiate the input by person.Panasonic has attempted to solve the problem with a new plasma display that can handle up to 4 different people supplying touch input at the same time. The one concession it makes to achieve this is the mandatory use of a pen for input.That may sound like a way of sidestepping the issue, but Panasonic is aiming the Interactive Plasma Display at two specific markets: schools and business presentations. In schools kids are used to doodling with a pen in their hand, but their free hand tends to wander. By limiting input to just a pen they can touch the display as much as they want, but only the pen input will register. For business users and interactive discussions, the use of a pen for input may actually be beneficial, especially if handwritten notes are being scribbled down.As well as multi-color input, the pens can be used to access a menu and different drawing modes and features. For example, if you do write text on the screen the characters can be selected and the system will try to recognize what you have written and convert it into a more readable version using a standard font.The first model is 65-inches in size, which is going to be more than big enough for most settings. However, Panasonic already has 85-inch and 103-inch models in development. If you choose (and can afford) the 103-inch display it will be like having an interactive wall.Pricing has not been announced yet, but I don’t expect any size of this display to be cheap. We won’t have to wait long to find out though, as the 65-inch Interactive Plasma Display launches in July.More at DigInfo.tvlast_img read more

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DEPUTY GOVERNOR SPEAKS OF STREAMLINING GOVERNMENT SERVICES

first_img DEPUTY GOVERNOR PROMISES MORE EFFICIENT SERVICE IN GOVERNMENT TCI European Union money could be lost due to UK referendum on membership Recommended for you Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, TCI, September 1, 2016 – Deputy Governor, Her Excellency, Anya Williams says her office is preparing to take on the challenges required to streamline government services. This goal, which is often touted but remains elusive to now, is poised to face reform and consolidation, promised the DG.There was stirring applause from the room when the DG remarked that the ONe Stop Shop needs greater efficiency and fluidity; ‘not be a one stop’, but a place where because of consolidation of all TCIG requirements, businesses can get to business more expeditiously. Related Items:anya williams, streamlining government services Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Dames is first Hospitality Herolast_img read more

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No arrests after thieves strip two Tulum ATMs of cash

first_imgLa Policía Municipal de Tulum received the robbery report around 3:30 a.m. which is when the machines were noticed damaged by nearby night security personnel for other businesses. They reported that about 30 minutes earlier, a routine police surveillance unit had passed by the area. Tulum, Q.R. — No arrests have been made after two ATMs were pried open and robbed of their cash outside a shopping plaza in Tulum. Both la policía Municipal and the Fiscalía General del Estado arrived on scene to deal with the emptied cash machines.Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)center_img Both cash machines were completely destroyed in the thieves attempt to remove the cash. The machines were outside the Plaza Comercial Artesanal, which are located inside the archaeological zone of Tulum.last_img read more

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